Mr Gao Xiqing was the vice chairman, president and Chief Investment Officer of China Investment Corporation, China’s sovereign wealth fund, from 2007 to 2014. Previously, he served as vice chairman of the National Council for Social Security Fund of China from 2003 to 2007, following his position as vice chairman of the China Securities Regulatory Commission (CSRC) from 1999 to 2003. He is Cheng Yu-tung Chair Professor and Ph.D. Supervisor at School of Law, Tsinghua University, and adjunct professor at Duke University School of Law. Mr Gao was a construction worker for Xiangyang–Chongqing Railway from 1970 to 1973 and was a mechanist at Xi’an Kunlun Machinery Factory from 1973 to 1974. Mr Gao received his B.A. equivalent in 1978 and Master of Laws in 1981, both from the University of International Business and Economics. As a Richard Nixon Scholar, he attended Duke University School of Law and obtained his Juris Doctor degree in 1986. From 1986 to 1988, he practised law with a major Wall Street firm before returning to China. As a co-founder of Stock Exchange Executive Council, he was instrumental in the founding of CSRC and the establishment of Shanghai and Shenzhen Stock Exchanges in the early 1990s. As one of the founding members of CSRC, Mr Gao served as its General Counsel and Director of Public Offerings from 1992 to 1995. From 1997 to July 1999, Mr Gao served as Vice-Chairman and CEO of BOC International, the investment banking arm of Bank of China in Hong Kong. Since 1986, Mr Gao has served as either a member or the chairman of arbitration panels for hundreds of international trade or investment disputes between Chinese and foreign companies, under the CIETAC, HKIAC and the Arbitration Institute of Stockholm Chamber of Commerce.